Checksum_Character as C = CHKDIGIT(C character[,N option])



A string of numbers in character format.


Numeric. Optional. A number that indicates the type of checksum to calculate.

0 = Credit Card (Default)
1 = PostNet
2 = UPC


Returns a checksum digit for a string of numbers.


CHKDIGIT() returns a Checksum_Character that is the checksum digit for a string of numbers contained in the Input_String parameter. If the Input_String is invalid or NULL, CHKDIGIT() returns an empty character string. If the Option_Number is invalid, CHKDIGIT() returns "0". The checksum of a number is computed using the following method: starting with the right-most digit in the number and moving from right to left, multiply each number by either 2 or 1. The first number is multiplied by 2, the next by 1, the next by 2, and so on. Then add all the digits in the resulting number, and subtract the sum from the next highest multiple of ten. For example, the checksum for "2175" is computed as follows:

Base number: 2 1 7 5
Multiply each number in base by corresponding number: 1 2 1 2
Result: 2 2 7 10
Sum digits: 2 + 2 + 7 + 1 + 0 = 12
Next highest multiple of ten: 20
Check digit: 20 - 12 = 8


dim cs as C
cs = "2175"
CHKDIGIT(cs) -> 8

See Also